Tag: medicine

Xarelto: Internal Bleeding

Xarelto: Internal Bleeding

There are many drugs on the market that have serious side effects. We take these medications, hoping they will help us with our more serious symptoms that will outweigh the risk. This infographic from drugdangers.com breaks down the side effects and warnings of the drug Xarelto.
Xarelto-Internal-Bleeding-Infographic

A Guide to Herbal Medicines

A Guide to Herbal Medicines

Herbal medicines have seen an increase in popularity since people have become more health-conscious.  Also, people are more and more mistrustful of the health industry, so they are taking their health into their own hands. If you’re smart about your herbal medicines and how you use them, you can be a much healthier person.  This infographic sets out to help you learn about herbal remedies.

A Guide to Herbal Medicines

Herbs for Health

St. John’s Wort helps sooth low mood and mild anxiety, while Valerian root helps alleviate anxiety-related sleep problems, as long as they are mild.  Passion Flower can help with mild anxiety and stress for a person with a nervous disposition, while Rhodiola can relieve anxiety, exhaustion, fatigue and stress in someone who is really stressed out from work or burned out.  Feverfew can help with migraine headaches, and Echinacea is great for colds and flu.  Pelargonium can help with the coughs, runny nose, blocked nose, and sore throat associated with upper respiratory infections and the common cold.

Agnus Castus can relieve PMS symptoms like irritability, breast tenderness, cramps, bloating, and mood swings.  Milk thistle can help with indigestion, an over-full stomach, nausea, and other digestive complaints.  Black cohosh can help with menopausal symptoms like hot flashes, mood swings, and night sweats.  Saw palmetto can help control the frequent urination, weak stream, and incomplete sensation associated with an enlarged prostate.  Finally, Devil’s claw, despite its foreboding name, can soothe joint aches and pains, backache, muscle aches, and even rheumatic pain.

 Some Statistics

An herbal remedy must be documented for use with a specific symptom for 30 years, while it only must be used for 15 years in the EU.

Price Differences

Scientific trials cost a lot of money, which means that the herbs are more expensive than they used to be.  It is worth it, however, because it means the product has been tested and contains helpful consumer information.  *note* Any herbal product that is not classified as “culinary” and does not hold a THR logo is not on the up and up.  It is either illegal or “end o the line” stock.

Culinary Herbs

Garlic, sage, turmeric, and artichoke all have amazing health benefits, but are classified as culinary, and therefore are subject to different legal regulations.

Technology and Medicine Infographic

Technology and Medicine Infographic

TechMedIndustry

This extremely attractive infographic address how technology has changed the medical industry.  It starts off by stating “medical technology is the application of devices, procedures, and knowledge for diagnosing and treating disease for the purpose of maintaining, promoting, and restoring wellness while improving the quality of life.”  On the left of the entire infographic is a timeline of technological advances in the medical industry, starting with the invention of the stethoscope in 1816 and ending with the production of the first commercial hybrid PET/MRI scanner in 2008.  Check out the entire timeline for the whole scoop.

US Med Tech Companies By Segment

A pie chart shows us that a great many medical technology companies are focused on therapeutic devices, while the next biggest segment belongs to non-imaging diagnostics.  The next largest segment is dedicated to research and other equipment, and the next segment (second to the smallest) is dedicated to imaging.  The smallest segment is designated as “Other.”  In the therapeutic devices category, the largest piece of that piece of the pie goes to cardiovascular and vascular developments, and the smallest to urology/pelvic with many other therapeutic devices in between.

3 Ways Medical Technology Has Improved Treatment Processes

1. Faster Diagnosis

2. Less Invasive Treatments

3. Shorter Hospital Stays

Survival Rate

It is noted that the survival curve has flattened because of lower mortality and has become increasingly vertical with older people because of the technological advances.  A graph shows the percentage of people who lived until a certain age between 1900 and 1902, when only about 10% of people lived past the age of 85, and 2002, when almost 30% of people lived past the age of 85.  Based on this graph, most people live to age 55 or older, and around 50% of people live to at least age 80.

Advances in Medical Technology

Some of the advances mentioned are wireless heart monitors, skin cell guns, the STEM microscope, Nexagon healing gel, Berkeley Bionics’ eLEGS, and the iPhone Blood Pressure Monitor.  A description of each of these advances is included on the infographic.

Advancements in Health Record Technology and More

Sprint has something called M2M healthcare initiative that provides GPS tracking for patients with Alzheimer’s and dementia, and offers faster access to more unified personal data like heath records and test results.  Now there is also a “know before you go” option for hospital emergency rooms.  Some hospitals place their wait times on billboards, make them available on their website, and even offer the wait time via text.  Some hospitals participate in a service called InQuick ER where a patient can pay a $9.99 fee and hold a place in the ER online.

Helpful Healthcare Apps

Some of the apps listed are My Medical, which allows you to store medical histories for you and your whole family, BP Buddy, that helps you track your blood pressure levels, Glucose Buddy, which helps you manage diabetes, and iTriage, that is a diagnostic tool.  Also listed is the Ovulation Calendar – guess what that does?  Also, the Mediquations Medical Calculator brings 231 medical calculations and scoring tools right to your mobile device.

Scorecard

Design:  A

Like I mentioned before, this is a very attractive infographic.  It manages to get a lot of information across in a way that does not confuse you or frustrate you, and the colors used are easy on the eyes.

Information:  A

The information given is complete and well-researched.

Source:  SmallCellLungCancer.net

Anatomy of a Doctor Infographic

Anatomy of a Doctor Infographic

AnatomyofaDoctorLrg

This infographic, in a nutshell, tells you that it takes your whole life to become a doctor – but in a good way.  It shows the development of the brain, salaries of doctors compared to other professions, gender roles, stress, reward, and the top 20 countries by the number of doctors they have.  Along the left side, there is a timeline of ages, telling you at what age you complete certain stages you go through to become a doctor.  We’ll split the review and overview into the first sections we mentioned, and then explain the timeline.

Left Brain vs. Right Brain

The left brain helps a doctor make decisions, including suggestions for treatment, diagnoses, and problem solving, as well as remembering codes and drug information.  The left brain helps a doctor stay on schedule, understand medical charts and test results, and give patients advice about preventative healthcare, diet, and hygiene.

The right brain helps the doctor with bedside manner, allowing him or her to be personable and charismatic.  It also helps the doctor with coping skills, since he or she will deal with death, illness, and injuries.  The right brain equips the doctor with emergency handling skills, helps the doctor recognize human anatomy, deal with a chaotic working environment, and allows the doctor to feel empathy for his or her patient.

Salary vs. Jobs in the U.S.A.

This graph shows the salary and amount of jobs for certain professions in the year 2008.  In that year, there were 661,400 physicians and surgeons, with a median salary of $186,044.  Conversely, there were 1,700,000 professors with a median salary of $58,830.  Several other occupations are listed.

Gender Roles

Colon and Rectal surgery is a growing field for female doctors because surgeries can be scheduled in advance, allowing for flexible scheduling and a work/life balance.  In 2007, 31% of colon and rectal surgeons were females under the age of 35.  12% were females between the ages of 45 and 54, and 3% were females between the ages of 55-64, making females of any age 45% of colon and rectal surgeons.  Today, 40% of doctors are women, and it is estimated that within 8 years, female doctors will outnumber male doctors.

Stress

43% of physicians and surgeons work more than 50 hours per week.  17% of doctors leave medicine in the middle of their careers.  36% of surgeons feel they have no family time, yet 51% would want their children to follow in their footsteps, career-wise.  Must be the money.

Reward

Helping people can be the greatest reward.  High-paying job aside, doctors are able to help people in ways that other people can’t, by healing.  They can remove tumors, fix organs, and help people recover from grave injuries and illnesses.

Top 20 Countries by Number of Physicians

China has the most physicians at over 1.8 million.  The U.S. comes in next with 730,801 physicians.  The order then goes to India, then to Russia, Germany, Japan, Italy, France, Brazil, Mexico, Egypt, Ukraine, Spain, U.K., Pakistan, Turkey, Argentina, Philippines, Poland, and Korea.

The Timeline

When you’re a child, you wean, and maybe start playing doctor.  Once you’re in school, you start dreaming of someday becoming a doctor.  You study biology, chemistry, physics, math, and English and you try to excel at all of the subjects.    While you’re in college, you take classes and study for the MCAT.  Then you go on to medical school, around age 23, and spend 4 years there “living off Top Ramen and wondering if it’s still worth it.”  At around 27 years old, you start your 3-8 of residency training and internships, and around age 35 you become a “real doctor.”

Scorecard

Design:  A

It’s clean, the colors are nice, and the typeface is easy to read.  The graphics are easy to understand, and it’s overall a very good-looking infographic.

Information:  A-

I would have liked to have seen more recent data than 2008, but it’s not always available.  I would have also liked some statistics regarding the “reward” section as it seems a little subjective.  Maybe a little graph that shows what a sample number of doctors rate as their favorite thing about their job, or something.

Source:  Anatomy of a Doctor Infographic by rn to msn

How MRI Scans Work – Infographic

How MRI Scans Work – Infographic

Visualisations-in-Medicine-MRI Hi-Res

This infographic is about MRI scans work.  It also contains some information about the history of MRIs.  Usually, we try to break our reviews into subheadings, but this is a sort of free-flowing piece, so I’m just going to to with it.

MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging – used to take high quality pictures of the insides of humans.  It was invented in 1977 by a guy named Raymond Damadian.  A photograph of an MRI shows a technician, a patient, the machine itself, and the motorized table that slides the patient into the MRI Scanning tube.  Ooh.  We can do headings after all.  Here we go:

The Inner Workings of an MRI

The MRI Scanning Tube consists of a radio frequency transmitter and receiver that sends and receives radio signals, a main magnetic coil that creates a uniform magnetic field, and x, y, and z magnetic coils that create varying magnetic fields.  These are pointed out on a diagram of the MRI.

A Step by Step Guide

Since the human body is 60-70% water, and water is made up of hydrogen and oxygen, and hydrogen atoms have protons that spin naturally, the MRI works by creating a uniform magnetic field around the patient, causing his or her hydrogen protons to spin and align with the magnetic field.  The radio signal transmitter then sends out radio wave pulses of varying frequencies, and when the frequency matches the frequency of the spinning proton, the energy wave is absorbed by the proton, causing the proton to tilt out of alignment with the magnetic field.  The pulse ends, and the proton returns to the alignment of the magnetic field, and the leftover signal is picked up by the receiver.

The hydrogen protons in the human body emit different types of waves, depending on what and where they are.  The computer in the MRI can tell the difference between bone and blood, for example, and cancerous tissue emits a longer signal than non-cancerous tissue.  The computer matches up all the signals to the different parts of the body, and is able to detect when a signal is abnormal.  In a scan output, different colors mean there are differences in tissue type, and the MRI creates an image of the body using the location data and tissue type data.

Uses

MRIs are used to detect tumors, cysts, hemorrhages, torn ligaments, brain infections, and more.  Radio waves have less energy than X-rays, making them less harmful than X-rays or CT scans.

Risks

So far, nobody has proved that there can be any lasting health damage from an MRI.  In the past, before certain protocols were implemented, patients experienced  wounds related to unsecured metal objects in the room, or metal objects inside the patient, getting drawn into the magnetic field and causing injury.

Design:  C-

Not attractive, and somewhat hard to read at the top.

Information:  B+

Explains the MRI very well.

Source: Chronic Sinusitus Treatment by Acclarent UK

 

Healthcare Costs – The Cost of Good Health – Infographic

Healthcare Costs – The Cost of Good Health – Infographic

health-care-information-infographic

Looking at today’s high cost for health care can leave you scared for a future that probably involves you getting less healthy as time passes and you age. This health care costs infographic won’t make you feel any better as you can see how expensive good health can actually be. Costs only increase and healthcare is no exception, but unfortunately you can’t put off surgery or medicine like you can a car repair.

Via: Carrington College’s Health Information Technology Program