Tag: deaths

Driving Under the Influence (DUI) Facts and Stats

Driving Under the Influence (DUI) Facts and Stats

DUI-statistics-facts

A very sobering infographic providing facts and statistics about Driving Under the Influence, better known as DUI. While the infographic correctly points out it is better to not drink and drive, too many people think they know better and get behind the wheel.

Infographic Review

Infographic Design: B

DUI statistics are a serious topic that this infographic is able to capture truthfully. The color scheme is dark and serious which fits the seriousness of the topic. The background looks like a road which goes perfectly with the infographic information.

The 3D map of the Unites States that showed the states with the most DUI related deaths was a great image. The standard drinking chart was informative but a little boring where it could have been put into a more creative chart. The layout of the infographic was well thought out. The borders and arrows helped to guide the reader down the image to the different information. It flowed well and the theme fit with the information but some of the images that were used were boring and easy to ignore. I think it is important to have images that grab the reader’s attention. Some of the images looked like basic clip art and really could have been done better.

I think it would have been good to use colors like yellow, red, black, and orange throughout the whole infographic. These colors make up images of the road and would fit well with the topic. One thing that I thought was interesting was the use of red on the road background at the top. It looks like blood I guess to suggest that there has been a car accident. This is a great way to make sure viewers take this information seriously. Overall this infographic was well designed and, although not the most creative, conveyed the importance of the subject.

Infographic Information: B+

The statistics in this infographic are quite scary and really do make the reader think about the effects of drinking and driving. The top information noted that in some states even if you blow less than .08% BAC, you could still be arrested if the officer thinks you are incapable of driving. I think this fact is important to anyone who may consider drinking and driving after a couple of drinks. Although you may be below the legal limit you can still be arrested and then you will need a traffic lawyer to help you in court. The statistic that every minute one person is injured in an alcohol related crash is eye-opening and shows how serious this information is.

The fact that 1 in 3 people will be involved in an alcohol related crash in their lifetime is amazing and scary. This fact brings the information to a personal level by asking the reader to think about themselves being involved in a crash.  The infographic stated that most drunk drivers who have been arrested have usually done it at least eighty times before. This shows that while you may think you can drink and drive there is still that chance that you will be caught and arrested. It is always best not to take that change and have a designated driver.

It is no surprise that underage drinking is a problem in the U.S. but the statistic that kids who start drinking early are more likely to be in an alcohol-related crash. I think that we all know someone who has been killed in an alcohol related crash which shows how accurate this statistic really is. While the information is sobering and sad it really is a great tool to educate people on drinking and driving.

Infographic about DUI facts provided by auto accident attorney Anna R. Yum.

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Safe Road to Santa’s Workshop – Road Sign Safety

Safe Road to Santa’s Workshop – Road Sign Safety

Safe Road to Santas Workshop

No matter what time of year, it’s important to follow road signs and obey traffic laws.  Especially in the holiday season, when so many more people are on the road shopping for gifts and traveling to see family, road hazards are dangerous and a real threat to your happy holiday season.  This infographic brings to light ten road signs that should receive your special attention.  Be diligent out there!

Deer Xing Signs

Pay attention to this one, especially with the deer population rising.  Over 100 people die every year because of deer/auto collisions, of which there are 500,000 annually.

Stop Signs

12% of all traffic fatalities are pedestrian deaths.  If you’re driving, pay attention to stop signs.  If you’re walking, watch out for cars that don’t stop for stop signs.

Don’t Drink and Drive Signs

With holiday parties and whatnot, more and more people take a chance and get behind the wheel after too much wine, eggnog, or other libation.  In 2009, December saw over 2,000 fatal car accidents.  Guess how many of those were alcohol-related?

Share the Road Signs

Every year, 51,000 cyclists are injured by cars.  Just as much as a motorist needs to be mindful to share the road with cyclists, so do cyclists need to be careful of cars who don’t, in fact, want to share the road.

Stop for Pedestrian Signs

Just to reiterate the problem with pedestrian accidents – know that over 4,000 pedestrians are killed every year.

Buckle Up and Drive Carefully Signs

Every year 35,000 people die in a car crash.  Half of them would live if they’d only wear their seat belts.

Snowmobile Signs

While these aren’t seen all over the country, when they do appear, take heed.  Snowmobile accidents kill 200 people and injure 14,000 people every year.

No Texting While Driving

If that terrible television commercial that aired in 2010 wasn’t enough, maybe the information that over 5,000 people die every year because they are distracted while driving will keep your eyes off the smartphone and on the road.

Fire Hydrant Signs

Know where your water source is.  25,000 chimney fires happen every year in the U.S., and that causes over 30 deaths.

Speed Limit Signs

The speed limit is there for a reason.  An increase from 55 MPH to 65 MPH raises the accident fatality rate by 22%.  No matter what the road conditions may be, follow the speed limit to the tee.

Scorecard

Design:  B+

The graphics are OK, and the text is clear and easy to read.

Information:  B+

Some really good information, but I think better statistics could have backed up the stop sign segment of the infographic.  Pedestrian deaths are addressed twice, and other accidents and fatalities can happen as a failure to stop.  Plus, the Drinking and Driving information does not explain explicitly how many deaths per year occur as a result of alcohol, something that should be spelled out because it is such a problem.  Another way to make the information pack more of a whollop would be to include the cost of each infraction.  Not only can you die, if you survive you REALLY have to pay.

Source:  Road to Santa’s Workshop from Road Traffic Signs

 

Use Your Head Infographic

Use Your Head Infographic

use-your-head-infographic

Helmets are essential for almost any kind of winter sport, as this infographic shows.

Why is Skiing or Snowboarding without a Helmet Dangerous?

For one, you can hit a tree.  That’s how most skiing head injuries occur.  Even intermediate skiers hit 30-43 km/h on a well-groomed slope.  If you hit an object at that speed you can get a concussion, many bruises, or even die.

Essential Travel Survey Results

37% of holiday travelers and sportspeople did not wear a helmet.  People ages 18 and younger comprise the largest group of helmet users.  Only 42% of people over the age of 60 use a helmet.  65.8% skiers and snowboarders have experienced head injuries on the slope, while two thirds of the people people who have been injured on the slopes who were wearing a helmet believe that the helmet saved them from a more serious injury. So why don’t people wear helmets?

73% have never worn one, while 29% say they are uncomfortable.  24% believe that helmets reduce their vision, and 29% think that they are not at risk for head injury.  26% think they are careful enough to not need a helmet, and 23% think that helmets are too hard to pack.  12% dislike the look of a helmet, and 5% believe that helmets are too expensive.

Head Injury Statistics

Across Europe and North America, the head injury rate for winter sports is 10-15%.  Men are 2.2 times more likely to suffer a head injury than women.  The concussion rate for 2002 to 2008 for helmet wearers is 2.3% and 5.8% for non helmet wearers.

A Scottish survey in 2005 showed the different parts of the body that are injured in skiing and snowboarding.  In skiing, 13.7% of injuries happen to the head, 5.4% to the wrist, 9.1% to the shoulder, 7.6% to the legs, and 33.2% to the knee.  For snowboarding, 14.3% of injuries happen to the head, 24.9% to the wrist, 13.1% to the shoulder, 11.8% to the knee, 5.9% to the ankle, and 4.6% to the back.

Famous Skiing Deaths

Sonny Bono died in Lake Tahoe in 1998 after hitting a tree.  Natasha Richardson was skiing in Canada in 2009 when she sustained a head injury that later killed her.  German politician Dieter Althaus collided with a woman on the slopes.  She died from her injuries.  She wasn’t wearing a helmet.  Althaus, who was wearing a helmet, was later charged with involuntary manslaughter.

Sizing a Helmet

To figure out your helmet size, wrap a measuring tape around your head just above your eyebrows.  Take note of where the tape overlaps.  52 to 55.5 cm means you need a small helmet.  55.5 to 59 cm means you need a medium helmet.  59 to 62.5 cm means you need a large helmet.  Keep in mind that helmet sizes vary according to when they were made and their brand.  So, make sure you try it on, and make sure it’s rated by a reputable agency.  The infographic shows the logos of the companies that are reputable, but they don’t extrapolate and tell you which companies they are.  If you aren’t familiar, you might not now.

Scorecard

Design:  A-

The purple and gold colors are nice on the white background.  The graphics are a little cheesy, but overall effective.

Information:  A

While an explanation of the right rating companies would be helpful, the rest of the information makes up for that loss.

Source:  http://www.essentialtravel.co.uk

Myths and Facts About Breast Cancer Infographic

Myths and Facts About Breast Cancer Infographic

BreastCancerLrg

This infographic tells us that annually over 200,000 American women are diagnosed with breast cancer.  We’re also informed that all women over the age of twenty are encouraged to get a breast exam every 3 years, and that understanding the disease is every important, even if there is no known way to prevent the disease.  Breast cancer not only impacts the person who has it, but their friends, family, and everyone who loves them.  While we search for a cure, knowing the facts drastically improves a person’s chance of surviving this terrible disease.  Let’s take a look at what this particular infographic has to say.

The Statistics

While there is a rise in recorded cases of breast cancer, there is a decline in the amount of deaths from breast cancer, which has to be considered a good thing.  In 2006, for instance, there were 214,640 reported cases, with  around 142,000 reported deaths.  The numbers in the bubbles do not match the graph.  The graph is correct.  The bubbles are not.   In 2007, there were 180,510 reported cases, with 141,000  reported deaths.  In 2011, there are 232,620 reported cases with 140,000  reported deaths.

Myth vs. Fact

They give us a list of myths vs. facts.  For instance, not all breast lumps are cancer.  80% are benign and caused by cysts or other conditions.  Another myth is that you’re only at risk for breast cancer if you have a family history.  As it turns out, 70% of breast cancer patients have no risk factors at all (including family history) to clue them in.  Another myth is that you can be too young to get breast cancer.  25% of women with breast cancer are younger than 50 years of age, and, though the infographic does not say so, some of that percentage is 30 years of age or younger.  Other myths are that an underwire bra can increase the risk of breast cancer, that men cannot get breast cancer, that using an antiperspirant can cause breast cancer, and that a mammogram can spread breast cancer.  These myths are addressed, and refuted to some degree, in this infographic.

Other Information

12% of American women (1 in 8) will develop invasive breast cancer.  28% (1 in 4) cancers in women are breast cancer.  The good news is that there are more than 2.5 million breast cancer survivors in the United States.  That’s good news because they are survivors.  Other good news is that awareness is growing.  October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month, and there is a symbol for breast cancer awareness in the form of the pink ribbon we’re all so familiar with.  Information about this pink ribbon can be found at the bottom of the infographic.

Design:  B+

I would have liked it a lot better if it all the text hadn’t been pink.  I realize that pink is the color for awareness, and I support the use of it in an infographic about breast cancer, but the all-pink text is hard to read.

Information:  C

If not for the snafu in the statistics, this might have gotten an A for information, but that’s a pretty big mistake, and someone who wasn’t looking carefully wouldn’t reap the benefit of this infographic – which is breast cancer education.  The myth vs. fact section was very good, however, and the information provided is valuable.

Source:  http://www.asbestosnews.com/

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History of Birth Defects by Rx

History of Birth Defects by Rx

HistoryBirthDefectsFromRxLrg
This infographic is titled “Hard Pill to Swallow,” and when you look at the data it presents, it really is. It’s about prescription drugs and birth defects. It contains historical information on all the things people have taken that they thought would help them, and only ended up hurting their child, as well as historical information on the things the government has tried to do to prevent birth defects caused by prescription drugs.

This one is a little harder to break down by category, so we’ll just give you the highlights and you can examine the infographic at will.

The Timeline

In 1938, President Roosevelt signed the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, which enforced a pre-market review of the safety of any new drug.  We’re told, all the way at the end of the infographic, that during the 30’s some lemon-lime soft drinks had lithium in them, and they were marked as hangover cures.  Unfortunately, we learn in another sidebar of the infographic that lithium is known to cause birth defects.  So is alcohol, for that matter.  One of the factoids presented back at the top of the infographic tells us that, despite federal regulatory efforts, drug companies still found a way to introduce harmful products.

In the 1940’s, a drug started being prescribed for pregnant women.  It’s name was Diethylstilbestorl and it was in use for over thirty years.  The FDA ended up withdrawing the drug because it was found to cause tumors in pregnant women.  In the 1951 a new drug called Tirmethadione was developed as an anti-convulsant.  It turned out to cause facial deformities and a fetal death rate of a whopping 87%.

In the 50’s and 60’s, a drug called Thalidomide was used almost worldwide.  It caused birth defects in the form of physical deformities in 10,000 children in 46 countries.  The drug was not FDA approved, yet the drugs were distributed because of clinical testing programs.

In 1962 it was discovered that an active ingredient in Depakote, used for seizures and bipolar disorder, was linked to cases of autism and spina bifida.

And the list goes on an on through the decades to modern day.  See the image for more information about druges that have caused birth defects.  In 2011, the FDA discovered that the drug Topamax, a migraine-preventative, caused an increased risk of cleft lip and cleft palate.

More Information

We’re informed that the FDA classifies a drug that can cause fetal injury as a Category X drug.  We’re also told that 2 out of 3 women take prescription meds when they are pregnant.  How many, I wonder, are Category X drugs?  The top cause of infant deaths are birth defects.  I wonder how many of those birth defects are caused by prescription medications?  We’re told that 40% of women of child-bearing age that use Category X drugs and contraceptives don’t take their contraceptive regularly, thus risking pregnancy that could result in a birth defect.

This is obviously still a big problem, one that should be taken seriously.

Information:  B

The questions I asked in the body of the review would be nice to know, and there is a typo in the mix (it’s up to you to find it if you care), but there is a lot of information given and it’s very valuable, even though it is very scary.

Design:  B+

The infographic is easy to read and the timeline is well-designed, though the information to the left of the timeline seems to have no rhyme nor reason.  It could have been arranged more effectively.

Source:  Neural tube defects

 

Dementia Facts Infographic

Dementia Facts Infographic

dementia

This infographic is about dementia, a terrible and destructive illness that no only obliterates the mind of the person who has it, but devastates the family as well.  The infographic is geared toward the UK, and only shows information about dementia in the UK, but it’s really bad here, too.  I won’t go into stories, but I know we all have some.  Let’s look at the facts.

The Numbers

In the UK, over 750,000 people have dementia, and 16,000 of them are younger people.  I don’t know right off how they classify “younger people” but I’m assuming it’s explained further down in the infographic.  They extrapolate on that 750,000 number, stating that 1 in 82 of the UK population has dementia.  They say that there will be 1 million people with dementia by the year 2025.

The Demographics

We’re told that 2/3 of people with dementia in the UK are women, and 2/3 of the population of total people with dementia live out in the community, rather than in care homes like the other 1/3.  Additionally, 1/3 of all people in the UK over the age of 95 have dementia.  I suppose that number above that states that by 2025 cases of dementia will increase to 1 million probably accounts for the amount of people who will be 95 or older by then, among other things.

The Money

Dementia costs the UK 20 billion pounds each year, while the presence of family care workers saves the UK about 6 billion pounds per year.  That shows that the cost of dementia is devastating to the UK.

Mortality

60,000 deaths per year in the UK are because of dementia.  If there were some way to delay the onset of dementia by 5 years, the annual death rate would drop to 30,000.  I don’t really know how they came up with that number – and it seems to me that either way you look at it, delayed 5 years or not, the amount of deaths caused by dementia would be the same, they’d just be spaced out a bit.

Design:  C-

The sketches are meant to humanize the disease, I suppose, and I guess it would be hard to put actual sketches of people with dementia on this, but the sketches don’t work for me.  Nor does the big scale graphic in the middle.  I do like the blue color, and I like the background that looks like wallpaper in my granny’s house.

Information:  C

While there is some useful and informative information in this infographic, I feel that the numbers could have been quantified more, and that more information could have been provided.  For instance, how would they go about preventing the onset of dementia?  And what about the “younger people” who suffer from the disease?  That’s never addressed.  The pie chart shows the lowest age range of 70-74, so I guess that’s the younger group, but I wish it had been more explicitly explained.

This is, however, the designer’s second attempt at an infographic, so I’m giving him average scores because he’s just starting out.

Source:  UK nursing homes and care homes

This is Your Brain on Prescription Drugs Infographic

This is Your Brain on Prescription Drugs Infographic

This is Your Brain on Drugs

Prescription drug abuse is a big problem in this country.  Or, so this infographic tells us.  Personally, I get hyper from Excedrin, sleepy from Tylenol, and have a high health insurance deductible, so I’m sort of out of the loop on this one, though I do have a friend who has a sister who has a boyfriend who has a cousin that is so whacked out on prescription meds that he thinks his pores are exploding all the time.  But I digress..

If you are prescribed any of the medicines on this list, odds are you are at risk for addiction, which is when you take the pills longer than you need to, or you take more than you’re supposed to.  Odds are you know somebody at work, school, church, or somewhere that has a problem with prescription medications.  This infographic splits the most commonly abused prescription drugs into three categories – CNS Depressants, Opiads, and Stimulants, and tells them what drugs fall into which category and also explains briefly what purpose the classification of drug has.  Then it states the fact that it is illegal to take prescription drugs prescribed to someone else, or to take your own prescription drugs in a way not explained by your doctor.  For instance, your doctor does not direct you to crush up your medicine and snort it.  That’s illegal.

The infographic also shares the disturbing statistic that the increase in drug combination deaths increased 3196% between 1983 and 2004.  More disturbing statistics shown are the percentages attached to prescription drug-related deaths and poisoning.

The graphic goes on to show a picture of the human brain, and highlights the sections of the brain damaged by prescription drugs.    If that’s not enough of a wake-up call, there are graphs underneath that show how many 8th graders, 10th graders, 12th graders, and college students abuse Vicodin, OxyContin, and Tranquilizers.  Those graphs aren’t very easy to read, and that section would have been more effective if labeled and if the graphs were formatted differently.

Overall, the use of the classic “This is your brain on drugs…any questions?” ad campaign is good, and the infographic is nicely organized and full of good information.  The lower half could be organized better, and the color choices are a little off-putting.  I might have gone for different colors.  Also, there is so much information that it is good that the designer or creator broke the sections apart – the section on cough syrup and acetaminophen seems random, even though it is totally in keeping with the topic.

The typefaces are not the least bit distracting, which I count as a check in the plus column.  The text is easy to read, and the differences in the typefaces does not seem great enough to disturb my eye or my reading flow.

Design:  B+

The flow of information could be organized and displayed a tad better – because all the information is important.

Information:  A

All helpful, yet disturbing, information about prescription drugs.

via:  SpinaBifidaInfo

 

The Most Dangerous Jobs in America Infographic

The Most Dangerous Jobs in America Infographic

dangerous-jobs-

Ever wondered what the most hazardous jobs in America were? Ever wondered if their pay was tied to how hazardous they are (hint: it’s not). This infographic is a very unique concept, and unfortunately, it confirms many of the thoughts we already had about professions: pay is not in any way tied to how dangerous a job is. In fact, as most people already assumed, some of the most dangerous jobs pay very little. Not exactly the best way to reward people for putting their lives on the line. Fishers and logging workers have below average salaries, but of course, their jobs are extremely risky.

In 2009, 4,340 workers lost their jobs as a result of fatal occupational injuries in the U.S. Now, here’s a disturbing statistic. Shooting deaths accounted for 12% of all fatalities in the U.S., and last year, more retail workers and supervisors lost their lives than police officers in the line of duty.  So, apparently, the greeter at Wal-Mart is more likely to be shot than the average cop.  The myth of retail store safety has been shattered.

Can we find any links between gender and fatalities? Yes, says the graphic. Even though there are more women in the population, many more men died as a result of fatalities than women. Also, more white people died from fatalities than any other race. Now, let’s move on to the grading analysis.

Design: C+

The creator of this graphic chose to take a path that was quick and easy from a design standpoint.  The graphic is plain and borderline boring.  It doesn’t really hold your attention.  If the topic wasn’t interesting, I don’t think too many people would care to read this graphic.

Content: C+

The content is as good as it goes meaning, there are no weird, knock-you-out-of-your socks statistics–the kind that we’ve grown accustomed to here at the infographic showcase.  It simply presents fatalities and pay rates.  All the creator of the graphic had to do was look up figures from the Bureau of Labor Statistics and turn them into run-of-the-mill graphical form.  That is not winning this graphic any points from a content grading standpoint.

If you want to receive a good grade from The Infographics Showcase, you have to bring your “A” game–pun intended. This type of graphic is simply not worthy of high marks.

[source]

Is Cannabis Treated Unfairly Infographic

Is Cannabis Treated Unfairly Infographic

cannabis infographic

Yes, that debate again. The one about a substance called…marijuana. Just how much does marijuana hurt society, lead to widespread panic, cause the erosion of brain cells etc. etc.? It’s a debate that never gets old, as long as cannabis remains illegal in most jurisdictions. This infographic puts a unique spin on the issue by examining it from a “fairness standpoint” in regards to how it’s classified as a drug.

According to the graphic, a 2007 UK study suggested that the way we classify drugs is currently flawed because alcohol is mare dangerous than cannabis based on both the U.S. and U.K. drug scales, yet alcohol is legal while cannabis is not. There also seems to be a disproportionate number of cannabis-related arrests compared to other drug related arrests. A 2008 drug arrest pie chart shows that marijuana arrests carry quite a bit of the load. In fact, they carry half the load. 50% of drug arrests were cannabis related.

Now, you’ll probably find this to be unusual: There were zero deaths from marijuana last year. By contrast, there were 435,000 deaths from tobacco and 85,000 from alcohol. I did not know that, if I may dig up Johnny Carson’s corpse for a moment and channel him. I really would have guessed that there would have been at least one death from cannabis last year since it’s, you know, illegal and all. But I guess not. Now, let’s delve into the grading segment. Caution: serious issues ahead.


Design: D+

The design of this infographic fails on many fronts. In a word, it’s boring, and I’m being kind. It also has no flow.  The one bright spot is that the images aren’t stock ones pulled from somewhere: the art does seem to be original. But what good is original art when it’s plain and uninteresting?

Content: C-

The problems here are many-layered as well. Let’s talk about a specific detail.  The information regarding the annual rate of death is vague.  I assume it was from last year, but I do not know, and the graphic does not tell me.  Off hand, I reject it as being false, but again, I have no way of knowing for sure if the information is accurate or not because I do not know what year it is referring to, nor do I know what the exact source of the information is.  The graphic cites 5 different places as the source for that statistic without mentioning a specific URL where I can find it. I think anyone reading this graphic would expect such a bold stat like that to be backed up by something more concrete.

Overall, this graphic leaves much to be desired and allowing us to review it was a risk on the part of creator. I have a feeling that if Simon Cowell was asked to review it, he would call it “dreadful.”

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